Current and Future Job Markets -- Possible Career Paths

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The Pure Empathy Marketing Group

Understanding Our Current and Future Job Market / Career Paths

It is important to know and understand the job market, which will allow you to put your skills and interests in an area of work or an industry which will be a rewarding career in return for all of your hard work and efforts. 

The 20 Best Jobs for the Next Decade

American job seekers have been anxious for some good news for a long time. While unemployment numbers are slowly getting better on paper, the recession continues to hit many workers hard.

Those who have lost their jobs through outsourcing, layoffs, or cutbacks are facing second—and even third—career choices, and possibly having to go back to school to get the needed degrees.

New college grads are struggling to find entry-level jobs that use their skills. Older workers are being talked into early retirement. Even those who are gainfully employed are seeking to get out of jobs that offer little in terms of salary advancement.

Some careers, however, show there is light at the end of the tunnel. Many of them reflect our fascination with, and our increasing dependence upon, technology. Others have to do with the changing demographics of our country, as the large baby boom generation continues to age.

We have identified 20 jobs representing a variety of industries that are not only thriving now, but are expected to grow throughout the next decade. We have taken our numbers from projections by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) for 2010 to 2020.

The jobs are in alphabetical order. We invite you to look through the 20 Best Jobs list for the job that is right for you.

Accountant/Auditor

Most businesses require the services of an accountant to prepare their financial statements and tax returns, and to manage their books and records.

For those who enjoy working with numbers, this is a profession that shows continued promise in both the public and private sectors. According to the BLS, “an increase in the number of businesses, changing financial laws and corporate governance regulations, and increased accountability for protecting an organization’s stakeholders will drive job growth” in this field.

Here are the types of accounting jobs available:

  • Public accountants: perform auditing, tax preparation, and consulting for corporations, nonprofits, and individuals.
  • Forensic accountants: investigate white-collar crimes like embezzlement and securities fraud.
  • Management accountants: record and analyze financial information within a specific company.
  • Government accountants: maintain records of government (at federal, state, or local level) agencies and audit private businesses or individuals whose activities fall under government regulation.

Education: Bachelor’s degree, plus Certified Public Accountants (CPA) exam

Median Annual Salary: $62,850

Projected Job Growth: 16%

Biomedical Engineer

The medical industry is booming, and biomedical engineers will continue to be on the forefront of the research, design, and maintenance of new prostheses, artificial organs, and diagnostic equipment.

Biomedical engineers also create imaging systems and devices for automating insulin injections or controlling body functions.

Biomedical engineers are employed by hospitals, research facilities, colleges and universities, and government regulatory agencies. Some specialties of the field are: biomaterials, biomechanics, medical imaging, rehabilitation engineering, and orthopedic engineering.

As they age, members of the baby boom generation will continue to increase the demand for biomedical technology, such as hip and knee replacements, in order to maintain its active lifestyle.

Education: Bachelor’s degree

Median Salary: $81,540

Projected Job Growth: 69%

 

Brick mason, Block mason, and Stone mason

Our changing demographics are causing a growing need for the skills of brick masons, block masons, and stone masons. According to the BLS, a large number of masons are expected to retire over the next decade, creating many job openings.

Masons use bricks, concrete blocks, and natural stones to build fences, walls, and pathways. Highly skilled masons with experience in construction should have the best job opportunities in the next decade.

According to the BLS, about 29% of masons are self-employed and work on small residential jobs, such as patios, walkways, and fireplaces. However, nonresidential jobs are growing for masons, because most nonresidential buildings are now being built with walls made of some combination of stone, brick veneer, granite, tile, concrete block, marble, or glass.

Population growth, restoration projects, and new building code requirements in hurricane- and tornado-prone areas will increase the demand for durable homes that use brick, block, or stone. Of course, as with other construction jobs, the field of masonry is strongly affected by fluctuations in the economy.

Education: High school diploma

Median Annual Salary: $45,410

Projected Job Growth: 40%

Civil Engineer

Although most engineering jobs are expected to grow at roughly the national rate of 10%, the number of civil engineering positions is projected to grow at a rate two and a half times faster. The difference is due to the fact that the position of civil engineer—which involves the oversight of transportation, as well as municipal and industrial infrastructure, development—is closely linked with population growth.

Civil engineers design and oversee large construction projects: roads, bridges, dams, tunnels, buildings, airports, and systems for water supply and the treatment of sewage.

As our nation’s infrastructure continues to age, civil engineers will be needed to manage rebuilding and repair projects. In addition, our growing population’s needs will require that our water systems be examined, repaired, and maintained regularly, to eliminate leaks.

Education: Bachelor’s degree

Median Annual Salary: $77,650

Projected Job Growth: 24%

Computer Systems Analyst

As computer technology continues to grow at breakneck speeds, the profession of computer systems analyst—often called Information Technology (IT) workers—will continue to be promising.

Computer systems analysts study a company’s existing computer organization and make recommendations for it to operate more efficiently and/or effectively. Analysts also build and manage computer networks for companies to use in file-sharing and interoffice communication.

Although 25% of analysts are employed by computer systems design firms, they also work in other industries, including healthcare. The BLS expects an increased need for IT workers in electronic medical records and e-prescribing.

Education: Bachelor’s degree, although some analysts have a high school diploma with some certification

Median Annual Salary: $77,740

Projected Job Growth: 22%

Dental Hygienist

After the receptionist, the first person you usually see when you visit your dentist is the hygienist. Dental hygienists work with patients in dental offices to clean teeth, to look for diseases such as gingivitis and oral cancer, and to provide preventative dental care and advice.

Their responsibilities can vary by state. Some states, for instance, allow hygienists to place fillings.

While most hygienists are employed in private dental practices, some work in schools or public-health programs.

In the coming decade, according to the BLS, dentists will hire more hygienists to perform routine dental care and will thereby be able to see more patients each day. Also, since the baby boomers are keeping more of their original teeth than previous generations have, there is an increased need to maintain and treat those teeth that will drive the need for more hygienists.

According to the BLS, “the demand for dental services will grow because of population growth, older people increasingly retaining more teeth, and a growing emphasis on preventative dental care.”

Education: Associate’s degree; licensing requirements vary by state

Median Annual Salary: $68,250

Projected Job Growth: 38%

Financial Examiner

Financial examiners usually work for the federal or state government to ensure banks and other financial institutions are in compliance with the law. Examiners review balance sheets, evaluate loans, and assess management.

Certification requirements for examiners vary state by state.

According to the BLS, new financial regulations are expected to create a need for more financial examiners. Some large financial institutions that were not previously subject to Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) regulation, for example, have now been placed under supervision. More examiners will be needed to monitor these institutions’ available cash levels and trading activity.

The creation of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) will require more financial examiners working on consumer compliance. The CFPB is to provide oversight to the mortgage-lending process in hopes of preventing the types of abuses that contributed to the recent housing crash.

Education: Bachelor’s degree

Median Annual Salary: $79,940

Projected Job Growth: 27%

Health Educator

As businesses make an effort to reduce healthcare costs by teaching people about healthy habits, the field of health education is due to expand by 37%  in the next decade. Health educators teach and develop programs and materials to encourage people to make healthy lifestyle decisions.

Heath educators work in hospitals, medical offices, non-profit organizations, government agencies, private businesses, and colleges.

Studies have shown that lifestyle changes can reduce the likelihood of contracting illnesses such as lung cancer, skin cancer, HIV, and heart disease. Health educators help people understand how their lifestyle affects their health.

Education: Bachelor’s degree

Median Annual Salary: $45,830

Projected Job Growth: 37%

Home Health Aide

Growth of this job is projected to be skyrocketing as more baby boomers hit senior citizen status in the coming decade. Home health aides (also called personal care aides) assist people who are disabled, chronically ill, or impaired due to age or physical impairment.

Home health aides help clients with daily activities such as bathing and dressing, and may provide other services such as light housekeeping. Many home health aides report that the personal relationships they develop with their patients are what make this job rewarding.

Depending on the state’s regulations, home health aides may administer medication or check a patient’s vital signs under the direction of a nurse. In addition to working in private homes, home health aides may work in group homes or facilities.
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Education: No education requirements; however most certified agencies or homes require aides to pass on-the-job training and a standardized test.

Median Annual Salary: $20,460

Projected Job Growth: 69%

Human Resources Specialist

Employed in nearly every industry, human resources (HR) specialists recruit, interview, and hire workers for employers. They also may work in other areas, including employee relations, payroll and benefits, and training.

Some HR specialists travel extensively to visit college campuses, attend job fairs, and meet with applicants.

The BLS expects employment to increase 55% in the employment services industry overall. About 17% of HR specialists work in this industry, which includes employment placement agencies, temporary help services, and professional employer organizations.

In addition, organizations will likely need more HR specialists to handle new and more complex employment laws and healthcare coverage options in the next decade.

Education: Bachelor’s degree

Median Annual Salary: $52,690

Projected Job Growth: 21%

Interpreter/Translator

In a world that offers instant communication, online education, and virtual meetings, the career of interpreter/translator is experiencing record growth.

Interpreters and translators both basically do the same task: convert information from one language to another. Interpreters work in spoken or sign language in locations such as schools, hospitals, courtrooms, and conference centers; and translators work in written language for print and online publications and documents.

Demand is expected to increase for translators of the Middle Eastern languages and for Mandarin, Japanese, and Korean. In addition, the increasing use of video-relay services, which allow the hearing-impaired to conduct online video calls and use a sign language interpreter, is expected to increase the demand for sign language interpreters in the next few years.

Education: Bachelor’s degree, plus fluency in English and at least one other language

Median Annual Salary: $43,300

Projected Job Growth: 42%

Management Analyst

The profession of management analyst is expected to grow by 24% “as industry and government increasingly rely on outside expertise to improve the performance of their organizations,” according to the BLS.

Management analysts (often called management consultants) advise managers on how to make their businesses more efficient and profitable through reduced costs and increased revenues.

Management analysts often specialize in a specific industry, or in areas such as managing inventory or reorganizing corporate structures to eliminate nonessential or less cost-efficient jobs.

Management analysts who work for the government are specialized by the type of agency for which they work.

Education: Bachelor’s degree, plus usually the Certified Management Consultant (CMC) designation

Annual Median Salary: $78,160

Projected Job Growth: 24%

Market Research Analyst

Market research analysts help businesses understand what products people want, who will buy them, and at what price.

Analysts work in nearly every industry to gather information, analyze marketing data, and prepare reports on what they find.

Job potential is bright because more and more companies are using consumer research to develop new marketing strategies and to cut costs. Companies and organizations —including social and civic organizations, colleges and universities, and government agencies—use market research to monitor customer satisfaction and to gather feedback about how to improve products or services.

Education: Bachelor’s degree

Median Annual Salary: $60,570

Projected Job Growth: 41%

Meeting/Event Planner

Twenty-first century business owners have recognized the value of having professionally planned meetings and events, and this field is expected to see unprecedented growth in the next 10 years.

Meeting/convention/event planners choose meeting locations, arrange transportation, and coordinate other details for business events. Planners meet with clients and often travel with them to their meeting sites to plan and attend their events.

The job requires working with individuals within the hosting organization, as well as with the vendors of the external resources needed, such as venues, transportation companies, caterers, rental companies, florists, and entertainers. The planner keeps track of all logistics, troubleshoots problem situations, develops a schedule, and keeps everyone informed about his or her responsibilities.

The BLS reports that planners who have experience with virtual-meeting software and social media outlets should have an advantage in the job search in coming years.

Education: Bachelor’s degree

Median Annual Salary: $45,260

Projected Job Growth: 44%

Mental Health Counselor and Family Therapist

Americans are either more in need of counseling and therapy than ever, or are just more aware of their need for it, but the BLS predicts that this field will see a 37% growth by 2020.

Mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists help people manage and/or overcome mental and emotional problems and problems with their relationships. These professionals listen and ask questions to help the clients understand their problems and to develop strategies to improve their situations. These counselors and therapists work in private practice and in mental health centers.

Growth of this profession is enhanced by the fact that insurance companies are beginning to reimburse patients for therapy costs. However, therapists or their staff members must spend time marketing their practice to prospective clients and working with insurance companies and clients to get payment for their services.

Education: Master’s degree and state licensing

Median Annual Salary: $39,710

Projected Job Growth: 37%

Physical Therapist and Occupational Therapist

Chalk up another job that is booming because of baby boomers. Not ever content to sit by the sidelines, baby boomers are staying active longer than previous generations of the same age, and to do so, they need help.

Physical therapists help people with injuries or illnesses to improve movement and to manage their pain. Physical therapists who work in private offices and clinics, hospitals, and nursing homes frequently are part of rehabilitation and treatment of patients with chronic conditions or injuries.

Occupational therapists help people identify new hobbies or paying jobs that will allow them to successfully adapt psychologically, socially, and financially to their new physical limitations.

Job opportunities will be good for licensed physical therapists in acute hospital, skilled nursing, and orthopedic settings, where the elderly are most often treated. The BLS predicts that physical and occupational therapists will especially be needed in rural areas because most such therapists currently are in large urban and suburban areas.

Education: Master’s degree, plus state certification; many therapists also pursue a doctoral degree.

Annual Median Salary: $76,310

Projected Job Growth: 39%

Physician and Surgeon

In addition to needing more medical doctors because of our growing population, the BLS reports that the need will be higher in the next decade to compensate for the higher-than-average number of doctors who will be retiring from the profession during this period.

Physicians and surgeons diagnose and treat injuries and illnesses in patients. Most physicians work in private offices or clinics. The BLS reports that job prospects should be particularly good for physicians willing to practice in rural and low-income areas of the country.

While the educational requirements for becoming a physician or surgeon are high, the potential financial reward is also high. In addition, the BLS states that positions should be plentiful in the next decade for doctors who specialize in cardiology and radiology because the risks for heart disease and cancer increase as people age.

Education: Medical (M.D.) degree, plus three to eight years of internship and residency, depending on specialization

Annual Median Salary: $166,400

Projected Job Growth: 22%

Registered Nurse

When you take a look at the Help Wanted ads in just about any town, you are sure to find openings for registered nurses (RNs). Nurses are and will continue to be sought-after by hospitals, clinics, schools, alternative care centers, and private practices throughout the country in the next decade.

With specialized jobs in areas such as gerontology and oncology, RNs examine patients, administer and explain medications and procedures, and manage medical records. Many RNs are finding jobs in public health, home care, or alternate care settings such as rehabilitation centers, schools or businesses.

With our aging population, job growth for nurses is expected to be much faster than the national average. Growth for the nursing profession will be the most marked in the next decade in outpatient care centers, including same-day chemotherapy labs, rehabilitation centers, and surgery clinics.

In addition, more nurses will be needed as more and more sophisticated procedures are being performed in physicians’ offices rather than in hospitals.

Education: Associate’s Degree, with RN license

Median Annual Salary: $65,690

Projected Job Growth: 26%

Software Developer

Our demand for mobile apps, cloud computing, and new software programs seems to be insatiable, and, as a result, the position of software developer will continue to expand and grow in the next decade.

Software developers are the ones with the creative minds who develop the applications that allow us to do specific tasks on a computer or other device. Some developers also create the actual systems that run the devices or control networks. In addition to writing the software code, software developers usually test and debug software and then maintain it once it is operating.

Software developers work for computer systems design firms, software publishers, and electronic product manufacturing industries. The BLS predicts that prospects for software architects will be best for those who keep up-to-date with the latest programming tools and languages.

Consulting opportunities also should be promising as companies endeavor to stay on top of the latest trends by hiring someone to manage, upgrade, and customize their computer systems.

Although some outsourcing to foreign countries many occur over the next decade, the BLS expects loyalty to American developers to stay strong.

Education: Bachelor’s Degree

Median Annual Salary: $90,530

Projected Job Growth: 30%

Veterinarian

We love our pets in this country, and we are willing to pay up to keep them in good health.

To keep up with the growing demand for pet healthcare, veterinary medicine has advanced considerably in recent years. Many veterinary services offered today are comparable to healthcare for humans, including cancer treatments and kidney transplants. The BLS expects this tend to continue into the next decade.

Veterinarians treat or research medical conditions and diseases of pets, livestock, and animals that live in homes, farms, zoos, racetracks, and laboratories. Most veterinarians work in private practices—you bring your pet to them—but some travel to where the animals live and may work outdoors or in laboratories.

The BLS reports that job growth for veterinarians will expand in food and animal safety, disease control, and public health. In addition, more veterinarians will be needed in the coming decade to inspect the food supply and to ensure animal and human health.

Education: Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M. or V.M.D.) degree, plus state licensing

Median Annual Salary: $82,040

Projected Job Growth: 36%

http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2011/09/the-10-most-promising-jobs-for-the-next-10-years/244401/

http://www.businessinsider.com/best-jobs-of-the-future-2014-1

http://www.campusexplorer.com/college-advice-tips/76DB6BDB/Top-25-In-Demand-Jobs-and-Fastest-Growing-Occupations/

 

 

Top 25 In Demand Jobs and Fastest Growing Occupations

Discover the jobs that continue to grow despite the recession and what degree you need to land them.

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It is no secret that job layoffs, outsourcing and cutbacks have become the norm in today’s economy. If you are just graduating college, looking to change your career or have been the unfortunate victim of company downsizing, you probably want to know America’s fastest growing jobs. This following list represents the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statics report of America’s fastest growing jobs over the next ten years. Click on the job title to get more information on median salary, number of jobs, and education requirements.

01. Industrial-Organizational Psychologists

    14. Meeting & Event Planners

02. Interpreters and translators

    15. Market Research Analysts

03. Diagnostic Medical Sonographers

    16. Nurse Practitioners

04. Occupational Therapy Assistants

    17. Medical Equipment Repairers

05. Genetic Counselors

    18. Marriage and Family Therapists

06. Physical Therapy Assistants

    19. Actuaries

07. Skincare Specialists

    20. Biomedical Engineers

08. Physician Assistants

    21. Cost Estimators

09. Information Security Analysts

    22. Computer Systems

10. Physical Therapists

    23. Dietitians and Nutritionists

11. Orthotists and Prosthetists

    24. Civil Engineers

12. Audiologists

    25. Trainers and Physiologists

13. Dental Hygienists

 

1. INDUSTRIAL-ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGISTS

Industrial-organizational psychologists help plan policies, carry out screenings, and develop training sessions that are best suited for the morale and personality of a particular company or organization.

Entry-level education

  Master’s degree

Median Salary

  $79,680*

Number of Jobs

  1,100*

Job Outlook

  53% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a industrial-organizational psychologist?

Analytical skills

Communication skills

Observational skills

Patience

Do industrial-organizational psychologists need a license or certification?

Licensing laws vary by state and type of position, but in most cases, practicing psychology or using the title of “psychologist” requires licensure or certification.

 

2. INTERPRETERS AND TRANSLATORS

Interpreters and translators facilitate communication between people who speak different languages. Although some people do both, interpreting and translating are different professions: interpreters work with spoken communication, and translators work with written communication.

Entry-level education

  Bachelor’s degree

Median Salary

  $45,430*

Number of Jobs

  63,600*

Job Outlook

  46% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for an interpreter or translator?

Business skills

Concentration

Cultural sensitivity

Interpersonal skills

Do interpreters and translators need a license or certification?

There is currently no universal certification required of interpreters and translators beyond passing the required court interpreting exams offered by most states

3. DIAGNOSTIC MEDICAL SONOGRAPHERS

Diagnostic medical sonographers are highly skilled professionals who specialize in creating images of the body’s organs and tissues, known as sonograms (or ultrasounds) for assessing and diagnosing various medical conditions.

Entry-level education

  Associate’s degree

Median Salary

  $60,350*

Number of Jobs

  110,400*

Job Outlook

  46% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a diagnostic medical sonographer?

Detail oriented

Hand-eye coordination

Interpersonal skills

Physical stamina

Do diagnostic medical sonographers need a license or certification?

Most employers prefer to hire diagnostic imaging workers with professional certification that can be earned by graduating from an accredited program and passing an exam

4. OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY ASSISTANTS

Occupational therapy assistants and aides help patients develop, recover, and improve the skills needed for daily living and working. Their Work duties range from teaching the proper way for patients to move from a bed into a wheelchair to the best way to stretch their muscles. Occupational therapy assistants also may work with people with learning disabilities to teach them skills that allow them to be more independent.

Entry-level education

  Associate’s degree

Median Salary

  $48,940*

Number of Jobs

  38,600*

Job Outlook

  41% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a occupational therapy assistant?

Compassion

Detail oriented

Flexibility

Interpersonal skills

Do occupational therapy assistants need a license or certification?

Most states require occupational therapy assistants to be licensed or registered. Licensure typically requires the completion of an accredited occupational therapy assistant education program, completion of all fieldwork requirements, and passing the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT) exam. 

5. GENETIC COUNSELORS

Genetic counselors use genetics to predict whether a baby is likely to have hereditary disorders (such as Down syndrome and cystic fibrosis) as well as in order to test whether an adult is likely to develop chronic disease, or cancer. They share this information with other health professionals, such as physicians, and with patients and their families. 

Entry-level education

  Masters’s degree

Median Salary

  $56,800*

Number of Jobs

  2,100*

Job Outlook

  41% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a genetic counselor?

Compassion

Critical-thinking skills

Decision-making skills

Speaking skills

Do genetic counselors need a license or certification?

Some states currently require a license in genetic counseling, and other states have pending legislation for licensure. Certification is typically needed to get a license. To become certified, a student must first complete a master’s degree program that is certified by American Board of Genetic Counseling.

6. PHYSICAL THERAPIST ASSISTANTS

Physical therapist assistants help patients who are recovering from injuries and illnesses to regain movement and manage pain by giving them therapy through exercise, massage, gait and balance training under the direction and supervision of physical therapists

Entry-level education

  Associate’s degree

Median Salary

  $39,430*

Number of Jobs

  121,400*

Job Outlook

  41% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a physical therapist assistant?

Compassion

Detail oriented

Dexterity 

Interpersonal skills

Do physical therapist assistants need a license or certification?

All states except Hawaii require physical therapist assistants to be licensed or certified. Licensure typically requires graduation from an accredited physical therapist assistant program and passing the National Physical Therapy Exam administered by the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy. 

7. SKINCARE SPECIALISTS

Skincare specialists provide facials, full-body treatments, and head and neck massages to improve the health and appearance of the skin. Some may provide other skin care treatments, such as peels, masks, or scrubs, to remove dead or dry skin. A growing number of specialists actively sell skin care products, such as cleansers, lotions, and creams.

Entry-level education

  State Approved Program

Median Salary

  $28,640*

Number of Jobs

  44,400*

Job Outlook

  40% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a skin care specialist?

Business skills

Customer-service skills

Initiative 

Physical stamina

Do skin care specialists need a license or certification?

Skin care specialists require a state license, which can be obtained by completing an approved cosmetology or esthetician program and taking a practical exam.

8. PHYSICIAN ASSISTANTS

Physician assistants work in all areas of medicine, including family medicine, emergency medicine, and psychiatry. The nature of their work depends in large part on their specialty and what their supervising physician needs them to do. Some physician assistants make house calls or visit nursing homes to treat patients, reporting back to the physician afterward.

Entry-level education

  Master's Degree

Median Salary

  $90,930*

Number of Jobs

  86,700*

Job Outlook

  38% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a physician assistant?

Communication skills

Compassion

Detail oriented 

Emotional stability

Do physician assistants need a license or certification?

All states and the District of Columbia require physician assistants to be licensed. To become licensed, they must pass the Physician Assistant National Certifying Examination (PANCE) from the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants (NCCPA). 

 

9. INFORMATION SECURITY ANALYSTS

Information security analysts plan and carry out security measures to protect an organization's computer networks and systems. They are also heavily involved with creating their organization’s disaster recovery plan, which includes preventative measures such as regularly copying and transferring data to an offsite location. 

Entry-level education

  Bachelor's Degree

Median Salary

  $86,170*

Number of Jobs

  75,100*

Job Outlook

  37% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for an information security analysts?

Analytical skills

Detail oriented

Ingenuity

Problem-solving skills

Do information security analysts need a license or certification?

There are no licensing requirements for information security analysts, but many employers prefer job candidates to have a relevant certificate.

 

10. PHYSICAL THERAPISTS

Physical therapists help injured or ill people improve their movement and manage their pain. They provide care to people of all ages who have functional problems resulting from back and neck injuries; sprains, strains, and fractures; arthritis; amputations; neurological disorders, such as stroke or cerebral palsy; injuries related to work and sports; and other conditions

Entry-level education

  Doctorate Degree

Median Salary

  $79,860*

Number of Jobs

  204,200*

Job Outlook

  36% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a physical therapist?

Compassion

Detail oriented

Dexterity

Interpersonal skills

Do physical therapists need a license or certification?

All states require physical therapists to be licensed. Licensing requirements vary by state but all include passing the National Physical Therapy Examination administered by the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy.

11. ORTHOTISTS AND PROSTHETISTS

Orthotists and prosthetists design medical supportive devices, such as artificial limbs, braces, and other medical or surgical devices. Some O&P professionals may construct devices for their patients. Others supervise the construction of the orthotic or prosthetic devices by medical appliance technicians. 

Entry-level education

  Master’s degree

Median Salary

  $62,670*

Number of Jobs

  8,500*

Job Outlook

  36% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for an orthotist/prosthetist?

Communication skills

Detail oriented

Leadership skills

Organizational skills

Do orthotists and prosthetists need a license or certification?

Some states require O&P professionals to be licensed; requirements vary by state. States that require licensure often require certification in order to practice. 

12. AUDIOLOGISTS

Audiologists use audiometers, computers, and other devices to test patients' hearing ability and balance. They work to determine the extent of hearing damage and identify the underlying cause. 

Entry-level education

  Doctoral degree

Median Salary

  $69,720*

Number of Jobs

  13,000*

Job Outlook

  34% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a audiologist?

Communication skills

Patience

Critical-thinking skills

Compassion

Do audiologists need a license or certification?

Audiologists must be licensed in all states; requirements vary by state. For specific requirements, contact your state’s licensing board for audiologists.

13. DENTAL HYGIENIST

Dental hygienists clean teeth, examine patients for signs of oral diseases such as gingivitis, and provide other preventative dental care as well as educate patients on ways to improve and maintain good oral health. Some states allow hygienists to place and carve filling materials, temporary fillings, and periodontal dressings.

Entry-level education

  Associate’s degree

Median Salary

  $70,210*

Number of Jobs

  192,800*

Job Outlook

  34% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a dental hygienist?

Compassion

Detail oriented

Dexterity

Interpersonal skills

Do dental hygienists need a license or certification?

Every state requires dental hygienists to be licensed; requirements vary by state. In most states, a degree from an accredited dental hygiene program and passing grades on written and practical examinations are required for licensure.

14. MEETING AND EVENT PLANNERS

Meeting and event planners coordinate every detail of events, from beginning to end. They choose meeting locations, arrange transportation, consider the lodging and services that the facility can provide, how easy it will be for people to get there, and the attractions that the surrounding area has to offer. 

Entry-level education

  Bachelor’s degree

Median Salary

  $45,810*

Number of Jobs

  94,200*

Job Outlook

  33% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a meeting/event planner?

Communication skills

Composure

Customer-service skills

Organizational skills

Do meeting and event planners need a license or certification?

The Convention Industry Council offers the Certified Meeting Professional (CMP) credential, a voluntary certification for meeting and convention planners. Although the CMP is not required, it is widely recognized in the industry and may help in career advancement.

15. MARKET RESEARCH ANALYSTS

Market research analysts perform research and gather data to help a company market its products or services. They gather data on consumer demographics, preferences, needs, and buying habits, using a variety of methods, such as interviews, questionnaires, focus groups, market analysis surveys, public opinion polls, and literature reviews. 

Entry-level education

  Bachelor’s degree

Median Salary

  $60,300*

Number of Jobs

  415,700*

Job Outlook

  32% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a market research analyst?

Analytical skills

Communication skills

Critical-thinking skills

Detail oriented

Do market research analysts need a license or certification?

Certification is voluntary, but analysts may pursue certification to demonstrate a level of professional competency.

16. NURSE PRACTITIONERS

Nurse practitioners diagnose and treat acute, episodic, or chronic illnesses, independently or as part of a healthcare team. They focus on health promotion and disease prevention, interpret and administer diagnostic tests, and prescribe medication. 

Entry-level education

  Master’s degree

Median Salary

  $96,460*

Number of Jobs

  151,400*

Job Outlook

  31% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a nurse practitioner?

Communication skills

Detail oriented

Critical-thinking skills

Compassion

Do nurse practitioners need a license or certification?

Nurse practitioners must obtain registered nursing license, complete an approved graduate-level program, and pass a national certification exam. Each state’s board of nursing can provide details.

17. MEDICAL EQUIPMENT REPAIRERS

Medical equipment repairers, also known as biomedical equipment technicians (BMET), repair a wide range of electronic, electromechanical, and hydraulic equipment used in hospitals and health practitioners’ offices. 

Entry-level education

  Associate’s degree

Median Salary

  $44,570*

Number of Jobs

  42,300*

Job Outlook

  30% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a compute system analyst?

Compassion

Interpersonal skills

Listening skills

Organizational skills

Do medical equipment repairers need a license or certification?

Although not mandatory, certification can demonstrate competence and professionalism, making candidates more attractive to employers. 

18. MARRIAGE AND FAMILY THERAPISTS

Mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists help people manage and overcome mental and emotional disorders and problems with their family and relationships.

Entry-level education

  Master’s degree

Median Salary

  $41,500*

Number of Jobs

  166,300*

Job Outlook

  29% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a marriage therapist?

Compassion

Interpersonal skills

Listening skills

Organizational skills

Do marriage therapists need a license or certification?

In most cases, both mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists must be licensed. Licensure requires a master’s degree and 2,000 to 4,000 hours of post-degree supervised clinical experience. In addition, counselors and therapists must pass a state-recognized exam and complete annual continuing education classes.

19. ACTUARIES

Actuaries advanced statistics and modeling software to analyze the financial costs of risk and uncertainty. Most actuaries work at insurance companies, where they help design policies and determine the premiums that should be charged for each policy. 

Entry-level education

  Bachelor’s degree

Median Salary

  $93,680*

Number of Jobs

  24,300*

Job Outlook

  26% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for an actuary?

Analytical skills

Communication skills

Computer skills

Math skills

Do actuaries need a license or certification?

Two professional societies—the Casualty Actuarial Society (CAS) and the Society of Actuaries (SOA)—sponsor programs leading to full professional status, offering two levels of certification: associate and fellowship.

20. BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERS

Biomedical engineers bring together knowledge from many technical sources to develop new procedures or conduct research needed to solve clinical problems. 

Entry-level education

  Bachelor’s degree

Median Salary

  $86,960*

Number of Jobs

  19,400*

Job Outlook

  27% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a biomedical engineer?

Analytical skills

Communication skills

Listening skills

Math skills

Do biomedical engineers need a license or certification?

No

21. COST ESTIMATORS

Cost estimators collect and analyze data in order to estimate the time, money, materials, and labor required to manufacture a product, construct a building, or provide a service. 

Entry-level education

  Bachelor’s degree

Median Salary

  $58,860*

Number of Jobs

  202,200*

Job Outlook

  26% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a cost estimator?

Analytical skills

Technical skills

Writing skills

Detail Oriented

Do cost estimators need a license or certification?

Voluntary certification can show competence and experience in the field. In some instances, employers may require professional certification before hiring.

 

22. COMPUTER SYSTEM ANALYSTS

Computer systems analysts study an organization’s current computer systems and procedures and design information systems solutions to help the organization operate more efficiently and effectively. They bring business and information technology (IT) together by understanding the needs and limitations of both.

Entry-level education

  Bachelor’s degree

Median Salary

  $79,680*

Number of Jobs

  520,600*

Job Outlook

  25% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a compute system analyst?

Analytical skills

Communication skills

Creativity

Computer skills

Do computer system analysts need a license or certification?

No

 

23. DIETITIANS AND NUTRITIONISTS

Dietitians and nutritionists evaluate the health of their clients and advise them on which foods to eat and which to avoid to improve their health. Some dietitians and nutritionists provide customized information for specific individuals. Others work with groups of people who have similar needs. They may also work with other healthcare professionals to coordinate patient care.

Entry-level education

  Bachelor’s degree

Median Salary

  $55,240*

Number of Jobs

  67,400*

Job Outlook

  21% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a dietitian or nutritionist?

Analytical skills

Compassion

Listening skills

Organization skills

Do dietitians and nutritionists need a license or certification?

Most states require dietitians and nutritionists to be licensed. Other states require only state registration or certification, and a few states have no regulations for this occupation.

 

24. CIVIL ENGINEERS

Civil engineers design, construct, supervise, operate, and maintain transportation routes, tunnels, bridges, flyovers, airports, government buildings and other structures required on a large public scale.

Entry-level education

  Bachelor’s degree

Median Salary

  $79,340*

Number of Jobs

  272,900*

Job Outlook

  20% (much faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a civil engineer?

Decision-making skills

Leadership skills

Math skills

Organization skills

Do civil engineers need a license or certification?

Civil engineers who sell their own services publicly must be licensed in all states and the District of Columbia

25. ATHLETIC TRAINERS AND EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGISTS

Athletic trainers specialize in preventing, diagnosing, and treating muscle and bone injuries and illnesses. Exercise physiologists develop fitness and exercise programs that help patients recover from chronic diseases and improve cardiovascular function, body composition, and flexibility.

Entry-level education

  Bachelor’s degree

Median Salary

  $42,690*

Number of Jobs

  28,900*

Job Outlook

  19% (faster than average)*

What are most important skills for a athletic trainer or exercise physiologist?

Compassion

Decision-making skills

Detail oriented

Interpersonal skills

Do athletic trainers and exercise physiologists need a license or certification?

Athletic trainers must be licensed or certified in most states; requirements vary by state. The independent Board of Certification, Inc. (BOC) offers the standard certification examination that most states use for licensing athletic trainers. 

 

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